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Types of Oil and Gas Pipelines

Pipeline
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Did you know if all the natural gas pipelines in the US were connected to each other they would stretch to and from the moon almost three times?
 
There is a vast underground network of pipelines transporting oil and gas to fuel our cooking, fill our gas stations, and heat our homes.
 
Trucks and tankers are other common ways to transport oil and gas, however pipelines remain the safest, most efficient and economical way to move these natural resources over vast areas.
 
Different Types of Pipelines
 
Want to know the low down on pipelines? Here are some of the world’s longest and most unique pipelines.
 
1. The Largest Pipeline in the World (when built)
 
Energy East Pipeline Project
 
Energy East will be crowned one of the largest pipelines in the world once it is built. The 2,858 mile-long pipeline will transport crude oil from Alberta and Saskatchewan to refineries in Eastern Canada.
 
The project will involve the conversion of a natural gas pipeline into an oil transportation pipeline.
 
2. One of the Largest Pipelines ever Constructed in The US
 
The Rockies Express
 
The Rockies Express is a 1,043 mile-long natural gas pipeline which was built between the Colorado Rocky Mountains and Eastern Ohio.
 
It costed $5.6 billion to build and supplies 16.5 billion cubic meters of natural gas a year. The Rockies Express was completed in November 2009.
 
3. One of the Longest International Pipeline Systems
 
Trans-Mediterranean Natural Gas Pipeline
 
The Trans-Mediterranean Natural Gas Pipeline is a 1,538 mile-long natural gas pipeline built to transport natural gas from Algeria to Italy via Tunisia and Sicily. The installation involved the deepest subsea pipeline installation of its time.
 
Built in 1983, it is still going strong despite a terrorist attack severing the pipeline in Algeria in 1997 for five days.
 
4. The World’s Second Longest Underwater Pipeline
 
Langeled Pipeline
 
The Langeled Pipeline project, nicknamed the “Giant Serpent”, is 745 miles long and delivers 900 billion cubic feet of natural gas to the UK National Transmission System each year.
 
Implementing the pipeline was no easy feat. The project took three years to carefully lay the pipeline amongst channels, trenches, and existing pipelines.
 
5. The World’s Longest Underwater Pipeline
 
Nord Stream Pipeline
 
The Nord Stream pipeline travels from Russia to Germany and runs an impressive 759 miles. (Just beating Langeled Pipeline by a few miles.)
 
Nord Stream contains two parallel lines, which were completed in November 2011 and October 2012.
 

TNphoto Tatsuya Nakagawa
Tatsuya Nakagawa is the VP of Marketing and co-founder of Castagra Products, a storage tank and wastewater coatings manufacturing company that is highly acclaimed for its sustainable coatings, cold weather tank coating applications, and its durable frac tank coatings. Castagra is used by the world’s top oil and gas field services companies.